The First shall be Last
38 total verses: Matthew 20:1-24; Mark 10:32-41; Luke 18:31-34
Brief description of action taking place or point being made
224. First shall be last discourse in Matthew 20:1-16
225. Jesus predicts death on road to Jerusalem in Matthew 20:17-19; Mark 10:32-34; Luke 18:31-34
226. Request for James and John in Matthew 20:20-24; Mark 10:35-41
1. What is your favorite verse or set of verses? Why?
2. Did you learn anything from the reading or find anything particularly cool? What?
3. Was there anything unclear in the passage that you have questions about? What are they?
Specific questions on this passage
After Completing the Bible Reading
Broader outline of each section of passage
Matthew 20:1-16. Very interesting parable about a master who hires laborers early in the morning to go into his vineyard to work all day. They all agree that a denarius is fair for their wage. Then he hires others at 9 a.m. and at noon and at 3 p.m. and finally at 5 p.m. When it is quitting time, he paid first those who started working last, and worked his way backwards to those he hired at dawn. All received a denarius. Those hired at dawn were upset, thinking they deserved more than those who only worked a short while. But the master reasoned with them, that he had done them no wrong. He paid what was agreed to. And that it was his right to be generous toward the others.
Matthew 20:17-19; Mark 10:32-34; Luke 18:31-34. Jesus and his disciples were heading toward Jerusalem. Jesus told his disciples that he would be tried, mistreated, and killed. But on the third day he would rise. But they did not understand what he was talking about.
Matthew 20:20-24; Mark 10:35-41. The stories in Matthew and Mark differ slightly, in that in Matthew, it was the mother of James and John who asked, while in Mark it was James and John themselves. The discrepancy can be resolved by understanding that the mother and sons were all in agreement, and either the sons asked through their mother, or all of them asked, and the authors chose which party to emphasize. Their request was to sit on the right and left hands of Jesus when he is in his glory. Jesus told them that he couldn’t grant the request, because his Father was the one who already arranged that.
As you might expect, when the other disciples heard what they did, the other disciples were not very happy with James and John.
My favorite passage and other random thoughts
I could not pick a favorite.