32 total verses, 13 for understanding: Matthew 9:9-17; Mark 2:13-22; Luke 5:27-39
Brief description of action taking place or point being made
49. Matthew (Levi) called to be a disciple in Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:13-14; Luke 5:27-28
50. Parables at Levi’s reception in Matthew 9:10-17; Mark 2:15-22; Luke 5:29-39
1. What is your favorite verse or set of verses? Why?
2. Did you learn anything from the reading or find anything particularly cool? What?
3. Was there anything unclear in the passage that you have questions about? What are they?
Specific questions on this passage
1. What do you think Jesus is referring to when he is talking about wine and wineskins in Luke 5:37-38?
2. In Luke 5:39, Jesus speaks again about wine. Do you think this is the same wine as the previous verse, or has the analogy shifted? What do you think he means?
3. Why did the Pharisees not associate with sinners, and why did Jesus choose to associate with sinners (see Luke 5:30-32)?
After Completing the Bible Reading
Broader outline of each section of passage
Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:13-14; Luke 5:27-28. This is just a short section in which Jesus is walking by Levi’s (Matthew’s) tax collection booth, and Jesus calls him to come and be his disciple, and immediately he leaves his booth and follows Jesus. (Note that in Matthew, he is called “Matthew” (he actually wrote that Gospel), while he is called “Levi” in the other two Gospel accounts.
Matthew 9:10-17; Mark 2:15-22; Luke 5:29-39. After Jesus calls Matthew to be his disciple, Matthew sponsors a feast in honor of Jesus, and he invites his friends, who happen to be his fellow tax collectors and unspecified sinners. Jesus is criticized by the Pharisees for associating with sinners, but Jesus tells them that his mission is to heal those who are not righteous on their own. Then he talks about not being wise to put new wine in old wineskins, or new patches on old clothing.
My favorite passage and other random thoughts
I like the subtleties in Jesus’ response to the Pharisees in Luke 5:32, in which he says “‘I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance'” (ESV). In this phrasing, he is subtly accusing the Pharisees of being self-righteous and therefore beyond Jesus’ ability, or at least his mission, to help. Since they think they can earn their salvation, Jesus will let them continue to try. It is those who know they need help that Jesus is called to. He is able to help them get free from sin and live lives which are holy.